The Copernican system.

Copernican Planisphere 1660

Cellarius’ map of the heavens, based on the Copernican system, with the sun at the centre of the universe.



A planisphere, showing the heavens based on the Copernican system

Taken from Harmonia Macrocosmica, an atlas of the universe, created by Andreas Cellarius, in collaboration with cartographer Johannes van Loon and engraver Frederick Hendrick van Hove, and published in 1660 by Johannes Janssonius. Nicolaus Copernicus, a Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543), developed a heliocentric hypothesis, maintaining that everything in the universe revolved around the sun, rather than the earth, thus contradicting the prevailing Ptolemaic theory. See also M027.

Original Size: 43 x 52 cms

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